WALEY, family of English Jews, active in various branches of public and intellectual life. The Waley family traces its descent from Benjamin Levi (d. 1784), an engraver from Wiesbaden who settled in Portsmouth in 1740. His son Jacob (d. 1817) married ELIZABETH WALEY, and their son SOLOMON JACOB (d. 1864), a successful stockbroker, adopted his mother's original family name in 1834. JACOB WALEY (1818–1873), eldest son of Solomon Jacob, was educated at London University and was among the first Jews called to the English bar. He achieved an eminent position as a lawyer and, in addition, was professor of political economy at University College, London, 1853–66. He was an active member of the Jewish community, being a founder of the United Synagogue, first president of the Anglo-Jewish Association, and president of the Jews' Hospital and Orphan Asylum. His brother, SIMON WALEY (1827–1875), was prominent as a stockbroker, but was also a talented musician. He composed for both piano and orchestra and wrote some pieces for the synagogue. His son ALFRED JOSEPH WALEY (1861–1953), a leading member of the London Stock Exchange, was treasurer of the Royal Academy of Music (1924–46) and chairman of its committee of management from 1946. Jacob's daughter JULIA MATILDA (1854–1917) married Nathaniel Louis Cohen (1846–1913) and was mother of Sir robert waley cohen . She was president of the Union of Jewish Women and active in many other public bodies, and she wrote devotional literature for Jewish children. A sister, RACHAEL SOPHIA WALEY, married David Frederick Schloss (1850–1912), a prominent Fabian who wrote studies of the London poor; after the outbreak of World War I their sons assumed their mother's family name. SIR (SIGISMUND) DAVID WALEY (1887–1962), who was educated at Rugby and Oxford, spent his working life in the British Treasury, where he became one of its highest officials. Seriously wounded in World War I, he became an expert in external finance; after World War II he was attached to the European Recovery Department of the Foreign Office and during 1951–52 represented the United Kingdom on the Commission on German Debts. He was knighted in 1943. His brother arthur waley was a poet and translator of Chinese and Japanese literature.   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: JC (June 27 and July 4, 1873; Jan. 7 and 21, 1876); DNB, S.V. Waley Jacob, Waley Simon; The Times (Jan. 5, 1962); R. Henriques, Sir Robert Waley Cohen (1966); Ḥ. Bermant, Troubled Eden (1969), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online. (Sefton D. Temkin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Waley — Arthur David Waley, eigentl. Arthur David Schloss, (* 19. August 1889 in Tunbridge Wells, England; † 27. Juni 1966 in London) war ein britischer Sinologe. Arthur Waley war der Sohn des Wirtschaftswissenschaftlers David Frederick Schloss. Mit 25… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Waley — /way lee/, n. Arthur (Arthur David Schloss), 1889 1966, British translator of Chinese and Japanese literature. * * * …   Universalium

  • Waley — /ˈweɪli/ (say waylee) noun Arthur (Arthur Schloss), 1889–1966, British translator of Chinese poetry …   Australian English dictionary

  • Waley — /way lee/, n. Arthur (Arthur David Schloss), 1889 1966, British translator of Chinese and Japanese literature …   Useful english dictionary

  • WALEY, ARTHUR — (1889–1966), English poet and translator of Oriental literature. Originally named Arthur David Schloss, Waley was born in Tunbridge Wells and was educated at Rugby and at Cambridge University. The family changed its name to Waley in 1918. From… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Waley Cohen — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bernard Waley Cohen (1914–1991), britischer Politiker, Lord Mayor of London Robert Waley Cohen (1877–1952), britischer Chemiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Untersche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Waley-Cohen Baronets — The Waley Cohen Baronetcy, of Honeymead in the County of Somerset, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 11 December 1961 for Sir Bernard Waley Cohen, Lord Mayor of London from 1960 to 1961 and the son of Robert… …   Wikipedia

  • Waley, Arthur David — ▪ British translator original name  Arthur David Schloss   born Aug. 19, 1889, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, Eng. died June 27, 1966, London       English sinologist whose outstanding translations of Chinese and Japanese literary classics into English… …   Universalium

  • Waley, Arthur David — (1889 1966)    Born at Tunbridge Wells, Kent, he was educated at Rugby School and graduated in classics from King s College, Cambridge, in 1910, but losing sight in one eye curtailed his studies. Rest and travel on the Continent saved the other… …   British and Irish poets

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